Our articles

What is positive reinforcement and clicker training?

One way both humans and non-humans animals learn is through consequences. In science, this type of learning is called operant conditioning (or also known as instrumental learning). Keep reading >>>

What reward should I use with my horse?

I often get asked by new trainers “what rewards do you use with your horses?” while the question they should really ask is “what rewards should I use with MY horse?” Keep reading >>>

What is aversive training?
Not familiar with aversive training? Think again as you have heard of it but under a totally different name. First we must define two terms, aversive and operant conditioning. Keep reading >>>

"But horses don't give each other treats!"

One of the arguments I often hear against the use of positive reinforcement in horse training is that it is unnatural “Horses don’t give each other treats!”.

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Mistakes commonly done by beginners and how to avoid them?
We all make mistakes, especially when we get started doing something new. Keep reading >>>

When can I stop using food to train my horse?

One of the first questions many new students ask me is “When can I stop using food?” Keep reading >>>

How do I help my horse overcome his fear, anxiety or phobia?
In the horse world, fears, anxieties, and phobias are rarely taken seriously. Often a behaviour that is motivated by fear is attributed to bad character...

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Why "kick him on!" is not an appropriate way to deal with a fearful horse.

In the mainstream equestrian world the focus is placed on the horse behavioural response to events/stimulus. Keep reading >>>

Good welfare is more than a shiny coat.

“These horses have a better life than most humans!  They have private grooms, the best tacks, the best bedding and the best feed. Stop attacking good owners!.” Keep reading >>>

Why bit-less is potentially safer for horse riders.
Before getting started I want to make clear that when I speak about bit-less bridles in this article, I am referring to comfortable, properly fitted bridles such as padded side-pulls. Keep reading >>>

Safety should not have to be earned.

All horses should have the right to feel safe during training. Keep reading >>>

Why you should not use whips with horses.

I once been told by someone that wanted to justify his use of the whip, that a whip was like a gun; on their own they are harmless, and it all have to do with how you use them. Keep reading >>>

Are you using positive reinforcement or negative reinforcement with a cookie on top?

Some trainers may, in an attempt at using positive reinforcement, add a click and a treat to their existing training approach. Keep reading >>>

What is LIMA and its application to horses?

LIMA which stands for Least Intrusive, Minimally Aversive, has become a popular term in the animal training world following Friedman, 2009’s paper.

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